Cardy Raper, Ph. D.

scientist/author; extensively published in national and international scientific journals

Chapter Four – Volcanic Beginnings


I wanted to grow up and be a scientist ever since third grade, 1933, when Dr. Rusterholtz, Professor of Education at the local teachers’ college, came to our class once a week and taught science as grand adventure. In one session, he had us all using heads and hands to think about volcanoes: With flailing arms he talked of powerful eruptions that spew hot lava from deep in the earth—a concept utterly foreign to those of us born and brought up in northeastern New York State where nature’s most dramatic events are frozen lakes, blizzard whiteouts, and rare displays of aurora borealis. Dr. Rusterholtz not only volubly described volcanoes; he enticed us to model them.


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